These Are Knight Wolves

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These are Putin’s Knight Wolves, his Crusader Army in disguise.

Jon

April 07, 2014, 05:27 pm
God and Putin: Pat Buchanan’s startling insight

By Bernie Quigley

“Russia is remaking itself as the leader of the anti-Western world,” says author Masha Gessen, who has written a book on Russian President Vladimir Putin. “But the war to be waged is not with rockets,” writes conservative columnist Pat Buchanan. “It is a cultural, social, moral war where Russia’s role, in Putin’s words, is to ‘prevent movement backward and downward, into chaotic darkness and a return to a primitive state.’”

Buchanan says he was “startled to read” recently that among the World Council of Families’ “‘ten best trends’ in the world in 2013, number one was ‘Russia Emerges as Pro-Family Leader.’”

“While the other super-powers march to a pagan world-view,” Buchanan quotes the WCF’s Allan Carlson, “Russia is defending Judeo-Christian values. During the Soviet era, Western communists flocked to Moscow. This year, World Congress of Families VII will be held in Moscow, Sept. 10-12.”

“Will Vladimir Putin give the keynote?” asks Buchanan.

It is a stunning possibility. The West, says Buchanan, has capitulated to “a sexual revolution of easy divorce, rampant promiscuity, pornography, homosexuality, feminism, abortion, same-sex marriage, euthanasia, assisted suicide — the displacement of Christian values by Hollywood values.”

“In the new ideological Cold War,” he asks, “whose side is God on now?”

But how much of the decadent “West” which Buchanan well describes actually defines America? Does it, for example, accurately describe the South, Texas, the Lutheran Midwest, Mormon Utah and the Southwest? Vast sweeps would identify with the World Council of Families and shockingly, with Putin and with Christian Russia. Evangelical leader Franklin Graham has recently said as much.

Buchanan’s decadent West suggests instead an evolved and expanded state of Henry James’s novel The Bostonians more than 120 years on now, and the “plain living and high thinking” Miss Birdseye, who James describes as “a confused, entangled, inconsequent, discursive old woman,” and the historical archetype of “Boston reformers consisting of woman’s rights people, mesmerists, spirituality, utopians and faded abolitionists,” as described in C. Vann Woodward’s classic study of the Gilded Age in The Burden of Southern History.

They came to dominance here, there and everywhere, early on under William Lloyd Garrison’s anthem “Our country is the world. Our countrymen all of mankind.” They dominate still, an archaic residue of the northern military victory of the 1860s.

The northeastern families and their law schools and parlors still vastly influence culture and political temperament. They still bring their families even in triplicate to presidential races and incomprehensibly, supply the legal education of virtually every Supreme Court justice on the Supreme Court even today. Virginia, Duke, Michigan, Texas and Vanderbilt are still not good enough after all this time?

What if the country people today, the Baptists in the South, the Methodists in Texas, the Presbyterians, evangelicals and fundamentalists in the hills of Billy Graham’s Appalachia, simply turned away from New England dominance and tradition? Turned instead to an older tradition and an external leader like Putin to find a better path?

Jefferson, Washington and Franklin did as much when they turned to the French to defend against an actual blood relative who had suddenly become an annoyance. But possibly an American contender in 2016 — Texas Gov. Rick Perry (R), former Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) — would do just as well as Putin.

The politicians, from former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), are still stuck in “Munich” since the invasion of Crimea. So is Wall Street. But Russia could shake the world again. And Putin’s Christian Russia will play differently in Dillon, Texas, today where they baptize in the river and watch high school football on Friday nights, than it will in Miss Birdseye’s antiquated, antipodal Boston salon.

Quigley is a prize-winning writer who has worked more than 35 years as a book and magazine editor, political commentator and reviewer. For 20 years he has been an amateur farmer, raising Tunis sheep and organic vegetables. He lives in New Hampshire with his wife and four children. Contact him at quigley1985@gmail.com.

A Ukrainian Security Service officer has been killed and five others wounded in the eastern city of Slovyansk, officials from Ukraine’s interim government said Sunday. The casualty comes after Ukraine pledged a “very tough” response to those occupying government buildings.

A pro-Russian group seized police headquarters in Slovyansk Saturday in an operation that followed a similar pattern to events in Donetsk and Luhansk, where activists remain in control of government buildings. Police reportedly stopped forces from occupying buildings in other towns this weekend.

A report from The Associated Press describes the scene in Slovyansk:

“An Associated Press reporter saw no signs of any shots fired at the police station, which was surrounded by a reinforced line of barricades. Unlike on Saturday, the men patrolling the barricades were largely unarmed. One of the guards who asked not to be identified denied reports of fighting at the police station.”

According to Bloomberg News, the violence occurred just outside Slovyansk, where gunmen wearing camouflage fired at a government force.

“Over the past few hours we’ve witnessed the worst-case scenario playing out in Ukraine,” Poland’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk told a Warsaw radio station, Bloomberg says. Tusk added that Kiev seems to have reached its limit in terms of tolerating the activists’ actions.

Citing two U.S. officials, Bloomberg says that intelligence reports warn that some demonstrators may have infiltrated Ukrainian cities near Russia weeks ago. In some of those cities, protesters are asking for referendums on breaking away from Ukraine, with the possible intent of being annexed by Russia.

From Moscow, reporter Jessica Golloher filed this report for our Newscast unit:

“Interior Minister Arsen Avakov says Kiev has launched what he called an anti-terrorist operation to recapture several government buildings overtaken by armed pro-Russian activists.

“In a post on his Facebook page, Avakov says that forces from all of Ukraine’s security units are now in the area and that there have been an unidentifiable number of casualties.

“Slovyansk lies in the mainly Russia speaking region of Donetsk — some 90 miles from the Russian border. Activists claimed multiple government buildings following weeks of pro-Russian demonstrations.

“Kiev has also told citizens to stay inside and away from windows because the operation could get violent. Kiev has consistently maintained that Russia is stoking dissent in the region, a claim the Kremlin denies.”

On Saturday, the White House announced that Vice President Biden will travel to Kiev to meet with members of Ukraine’s government and others Tuesday.

Update at 10:05 a.m. ET: Russia Uses Officers To ‘Stir The Pot,’ U.S. Lawmaker Says

Asked whether he believes Russia’s claims that it isn’t behind separatist takeovers in eastern Ukraine, House Intelligence Committee Chairman Mike Rogers, R-Mich., says simply, “I do not.”

Speaking on Weekend Edition Sunday, Rogers tells host Rachel Martin, “What we believe is happening is that they’re putting their intelligence officers” in some areas of Ukraine, calling the officers special forces who are not wearing Russian uniforms.

Rep. Mike Rogers Discusses U.S.-Russia Relations On ‘Weekend Edition’

“They’re there to foment violence, to stir the pot, commit acts of sabotage” to disrupt the government in Eastern Ukraine, Rogers says.

When Rachel asks Rogers what he makes of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s assertion that Russia doesn’t want to expand beyond Crimea, the lawmaker says he doesn’t believe him.

“There are strategic land bridges,” Rogers says, “and I’ll give you an example from Crimea across the top of the Black Sea to Moldova. There’s a little strip of land between Moldova and Ukraine called Transnistria, I believe that they’re very, very interested. Transnistria has already voted at the semi-autonomous region of Moldova has already voted to go into the Russian Federation.”

Rogers added that in the case of Eastern Ukraine, he believes Russia will watch events play out in the hopes that they result in either a semi-autonomous region that the Kremlin can influence or another breakaway region that could be annexed.

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Jon, Noah, and Rosamond

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One could say I am the return of Noah, and this blog is God’s Ark wherein its hold are stored THE NAMES that will be saved. JONATHAN means ‘The Gift of God’ ROSAMOND means ‘The Rose of the World’. These two names can mean the Gift of Eternal Life given to those who ROSE FROM THE DEAD. In Mathew 27:53 we see many saints rose from the dead just after Jesus says; “It is done!” What the Go-el Redeemer meant by this, is, The New Heaven and Earth has been installed. God’s Kingdom has come to dwell on Earth.
When I died, I saw a great Ark resting upon the horizon of the sea.

Last night I went to the Poetry Slam at the Tsunami Books Store in Eugene, and sat in the front row. Before the contest began, the MC was having trouble with with the mike that was omitting static.

“Some kind of strange sea sound!” she said.
“Tsunami!” I offered, and was given a prize for the shortest and most powerful poem of the evening – in jest!

In the painting above it looks like the Go’el Redeemer is holding up a boarding list. How many Christians are missing the boat as I type because they have surrounded hungry children like vultures, and are grabbing the food out of their mouths.

Repent!

Jon the Nazarite

Who is Jonitus?

When walking around on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence you can easily get overwhelmed by many impressions.You might therefore tend to overlook the hexagonal reliefs that like a girdle are wrapped around the base of the Giotto’s campanile. With some difficulty you can discern at the south wall of this bell tower a panel in which an old man is sitting at a desk and is gazing up towards the heavens with a quadrant (not an astrolabe as I assumed before).
This old man is the subject of the following story which describes a search that started when I was preparing for a short trip to Florence in november 1996. I read in Florence, Art Treasures & Buildings by G. Kaufmann a description of the fore mentioned reliefs. They were made by Pisano and represent the various activities of man.

Jonitus (opera del duomo, florence), from
a photograph by the author
One of the panels represents the invention of astronomy and without further explanation the name Gionitus was mentioned by Kaufmann. When discussing another panel about law he mentioned the name of Phoroneus, who after some browsing appeared to be a Greek mythical legislator. The Blue Guide of Florence also mentioned the name Gionitus, but again without any further explanation about who it might be.
Working my way through works of reference learned me nothing new and I left for Florence, without a clue about the identity of Gionitus.

II. Visiting Jonitus in Florence
I visited the bell tower and the museum of the duomo (l’opera del duomo). In a separate room you can see the original reliefs, that are replaced in the mid sixties by replicas. Behind the quadrant and the celestial sphere on the panel, the signs of pisces, aquarius and capricorn are visible. The English guidebook to the collection spelled the name as Jonitus.

III. First clues: Jacob van Maerlant and Petrus Comestor
On january 2, 1997, I went to the university library in Leiden to look at a text of the Spieghel Historiael (Mirror of History) (1285) by Jacob van Maerlant about the crimes of Cain. I also checked an edition of Maerlants Rijmbijbel (Bible in rhyme) (1271), which however didn’t contain the story of Cain’s crimes. Both the Spieghel Historiael as well as the Rijmbijbel however made a reference to Jonitus, the fourth son of Noah who, according to Methodius (a martyr), was born after the deluge and who was supposedly the inventor of astronomy.
Some time later I discovered that Petrus Comestor’s Historia Scholastica (1160), on which Maerlant’s Rijmbijbel is based, also mentions Jonitus in Genesis, Caput 37: De dispersione filiorum Noe, et Nemrod

Jonitus Son of Noah
Posted on April 1, 2012 by Royal Rosamond Press
For twenty four years I have been puzzled by the true name given to John the Baptist. When Elizabeth suggests John, one of the priests say; “There is no one in your family by that name.”
There are at least two John names in Elizabeth’s genealogy. Here is a article on Jonitus:

http://www.leidenuniv.nl/fsw/verduin/jonitus/jonitus.htm

Jonitus might be the brother of Zoroaster and was an astromoner. Consider Baba’s Mountain post, and the Magi
Jon Presco
As I read more on Jonitus I was puzzled by the various names that were used for this one person. It then struck me that the main difference between most of the versions of the name (Gionitus, Jonitus, Jonithus, Jonitho, Jonithon and Y�nt�n) was in the vowels and that the suffix -us is probably introduced during the Latinizing of what originally was a name from the middle east (Israel, Syria).
Thus a template with only consonants for the original Hebrew or Syriac name would be something like JNTN or JNTHN. With this template it is easy to imagine how for example the name of Jonathan fits in as well as Joniton or Yonton. As an additional bonus the name Jonathan () means “Gift of God”, which might bear some relation to the constant references to the fact that he received his wisdom as a gift of God. It therefore seems to me a feasible hypothesis that the original name of Noah’s fourth son was Jonathan. For the remainder of the text however I will stick to Jonitus.
Jonitus a Roman god?
VI.1 The Chronicon Bohemorum of Giovanni di Marignola
December 2000, I came across a Czechian internet repository of historical sources pertaining to the origin of Bohemian royalty. There I found the Chronicon Bohemorum (1354/1355) of Giovanni di Marignola (before 1290-1360?). He was a Florentine franciscan who, as an papal envoy, traveled to China, Indonesia and India. The first part of this chronicle contains a history of the world compiled from various sources and it is a veritable hotchpotch of biblical and mythological stories, enriched with details from his own travels.
The chronicle shows a strong euhemerist tendency to downsize pagan gods to the level of human kings and heroes, that is already apparent in Comestor’s Historia Scholastica (especially in the Incidentiae). This tendency is linked with a need synchronize mythological stories with the biblical chronology. Even Nimrod loses 2 cubits of his height in this downsizing process, which would leave him with still enough stature I guess, but it all seems a bit odd. Di Marignola adds a new ingredient to the story of Jonitus by identifying him as none other than Janus, the ancient god of the Romans.

Zoroaster a brother of Jonitus?

Robert de Bury finished his Philobiblon or The Love of Books just a few months before he died in april 1345. It is about de Bury’s attitude to (collecting) books and it contains the following text.

…The secrets of the heavens, which Jonithus learnt not from man or through man but received by divine inspiration; what his brother Zoroaster, the servant of unclean spirits, taught the Bactrians;…(transl. E. C. Thomas (1888)) …Arcana caelorum, quae Jonithus non ab homine neque per hominem didicit sed divinitus inspiratus accepit; quaeque Zoroastes germanus ejusdem, immundorum servitor spirituum, Bactrianis disseruit;…
Does this mean that Zoroaster was supposed to be a fifth son of Noah? Well, not neccessarily. This remark was probably based on Comestor’s Historia Scholastica

http://www.leidenuniv.nl/fsw/verduin/jonitus/jonitus.htm#II

We now come to the History of Jon.
Jon, Jôn, Jhon, Jan, are all the same name, though the pronunciation varies, as the seamen like to shorten everything to be able to make it easier to call. Jon—that is, “Given”—was a sea-king, born at Alberga, who sailed
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from the Flymeer with a fleet of 127 ships fitted out for a long voyage, and laden with amber, tin, copper, cloth, linen, felt, otter-skins, beaver and rabbit skins. He would also have taken paper from here, but when he saw how Kalta * had destroyed the citadel he became so angry that he went off with all his people to Flyburgt, and out of revenge set fire to it. His admiral and some of his people saved the lamp and the maidens, but they could not catch Sijrhed (or Kalta). She climbed up on the furthest battlement, and they thought she must be killed in the flames; but what happened? While all her people stood transfixed with horror, she appeared upon her steed more beautiful than ever, calling to them, “To Kalta!” Then the other Schelda people poured out towards her. When the seamen saw that, they shouted, “We are for Min-erva!” from which arose a war in which thousands were killed.
At this time Rosamond the mother, who had done all in her power by gentle means to preserve peace, when she saw how bad it was, made short work of it. Immediately she sent messengers throughout all the districts to call a general levy, which brought together all the defenders of the country. The landsmen who were fighting were all caught, but Jon with his seamen took refuge on board his fleet, taking with him the two lamps, as well as Minerva and the maidens of both the citadels. Helprik, the chief, summoned him to appear; but while all the soldiers were on the other side of the Scheldt, Jon sailed back to the Flymeer, and then straight to our islands. His fighting men and many of our people took women and children on board, and when Jon saw that he and his people would be punished for their misdeeds, he secretly took his departure. He did well, for all our islanders, and the other Scheldt people who had been fighting were
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transported to Britain. This step was a mistake, for now came the beginning of the end.

Frya, ?-2194 BC (eponymous ancestress of the Frisians, who supposedly inhabited all of Northern and Western Europe)
Fasta, 2194-after 2145 BC (appointed by Frya when the latter ascended to the stars during a terrible flood)
Medea
Thiania
Hellenia
(unknown)
Minna, fl. 2013 BC (faced an invasion of Finns from the east, who settled in the Frisian lands in Scandinavia)
(unknown)
Rosamond, 1631-? BC (the Frisians in Western Europe revolted and became the Celts)

Finn Folcwalding, (semi-legendary)
Audulf, 600
Adgillus I (Aldegisel I), ?-680
Radbod I (Redbad I), 680-719
Poppo, 719-734
Adgillus II (Aldegisel II)
Gundebold
Radbod II (Redbad II)

FROM GODDESS TO KING
A History of Ancient Europe from the
OERA LINDA BOOK
By Anthony Radford
CHAPTER 7
KALTA AND THE ORIGINS OF THE CELTS
Thischapter is the story of Rosamond, Kalta and the early years of Minerva however standard history has very little to say about these historical personages. Their influence on the course of Europe and the Mediterranean was enormous, affecting everything that has followed for thousands of years. Of Rosamond nothing is known except for a namesake, Fair Rosamond, the mistress of King Henry II who has been endowed with many legends and dubious stories beyond her station. Kalta is not remembered but the Celts who were named after her have various “historical” descriptions. The Celtic language is divided into the Gaulish or continental version, that was largely supplanted and Latinized by the Roman occupation, and the various branches that are still spoken in parts of the British Isles; Irish, Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish and Breton. The Celtic religion was presided over by the Druids and reflects an ancient Indian culture, strengthening the belief in the Indo-European connection. Their origins have been variously placed somewhere in the east, through ancient German invasions as though a politically important people who rose to common language and power against the Romans, who are our only historical source, have to have a migratory, tribal beginning rather than an indigenous one.

One could then question that indigenous land in the east, but the truth is as in most cases, a blend of the various theories. The theories are not wrong but neither can they be applied to all peoples. The examiners of the archaeological evidence assume that ancient peoples did not know of, or trade with each other, shared little development and were more tribal than regional. There are many descriptions of these various peoples toward the end of the Book but now comes very early information about some beginnings lost in time.

In this account we have the second correlation between the way Fryas people recorded dates and the Christian chronology. Given an accurate rather than an approximate date, the sinking of Atland would then be set as 2163 BC (1600 + 563 = 2163). This transcribing was obviously done in Christian times. To be able to date the foundation of Greek independence from their overlords in either Asia Minor or Crete to 1600 BC is momentous. It is a time before Homer and Minos of the latter Greek myths. There were no Greeks at this time but what we now know of as Greece, was inhabited by “cliffhangers” (Hellingers) and agriculturists. It was a time before the geological disturbances in the Mediterranean that permitted Aegean independence from Crete and the destruction of Thera, another maritime trading city. When a major geological event occurred in mans early-civilized history, it was not recorded like even a minor military campaign because the destruction removed the potentates who built the monuments. Mythology has many references to catastrophes but proud monuments have few.

When the old Earth Mother died she named Rosamond as her successor but she also named Minerva, a well liked priestess of Walhallagara on the Rhine, as next in line and Sijred, the Burgtmaid of Flyburgt as next or third choice. Minerva was also called Nyhellenia, a first name of respect that has become Helen, a Greek name. We shall see how Hellas, the Greek name for Greece, and Minerva, the Roman name for Pallas Athena, the goddess of wisdom, handicrafts and arts, later war, are from the same Rhine maiden. There is an account of the seamen naming the Greeks, Hellingers because they clung to the cliffs like goats and there is also the Germanic derivation of the word “Greek” as being related to the same root as our word “agriculture.”

The other maiden Sijred was given the name Kalta by the seamen because of her devious ways. Land dwellers took it as a title and eventually she gave us the Celtic name and heritage. She wanted to be Earth Mother and was such a poor looser that by her treachery, Gaul and Britain were lost to the Mother. She was driven out of the Rhine but founded a new citadel in Britain and even managed to win Cadiz in Spain to her influence with the help of the Golen.

When the principles of Frya were being violated Rosamond had both the compassion of a true earth mother and the strength to act decisively. She would not tolerate a popular sea-king taking independent action even if he thought it was justified at the time. Apparently the sea-king Jon had a hotter blood and was too quick too act for the fair Rosamond and the consequences were enormous; the Celts, the Ionians and much of history was seeded at this time including the eventual fall of the unifying force of the Earth Mother.

Commerce is again stressed as important enough to cause wars, this time the agricultural production of flax and the subsequent manufacture of paper or writing linen. This was the primary foreign trade item of the Scheldt region but ships were required to carry it and bring back the products of distant countries. In the Rhine mouth region a way had been found to process pumpkin leaves into paper that apparently satisfied the shipping needs at that time. Conflict resulted with far reaching consequences that has now turned up side down our present representation of the history of this region. We are discovering remnants of a primitive Celtic civilization in Western Europe little realizing that they were the renegade offshoots of a longer established mature civilization.

Now We Will Write About the War Between the Burgtmaid Kalta and Minerva And how we thereby lost all our southern lands and Britain to the Gauls:

Near the southern mouth of the Rhine and the Scheldt there are seven islands, named after Fryas seven virgins of the week. In the middle of one island is the city of Walhallagara and on the walls of this city the following history is inscribed. Above it are the words, “Read, learn, and watch.”

Five hundred and sixty-three years after the submersion of Atland – that is, 1,600 years before Christ – a wise town priestess presided here, whose name was Minerva – called by the sailors Nyhellenia. This name was well chosen, for her counsels were new and clear above all others.

On the other side of the Scheldt, at Flyburgt, Sijred presided. This maiden was full of tricks. Her face was beautiful, and her tongue was nimble; but the advice that she gave was always conveyed in mysterious terms. Therefore the mariners called her Kalta, and the landsmen thought it was a title. In the last will of the dead Mother, Rosamond was named first, Minerva second, and Sijred third in succession. Minerva did not mind that, but Sijred was very much offended. Like a foreign princess, she wished to be honored, feared, and worshipped; but Minerva only desired to be loved. At last all the sailors, even from Denmark and Flymeer, did homage to her.

This hurt Sijred, because she wanted to excel Minerva. In order to give an impression of her great watchfulness, she had a cock put on her banner. So then Minerva went and put a sheep dog and an owl on her banner. “The dog,” she said, “guards his master and his flock, and the owl watches that the mice shall not devastate the fields; but the cock in his lewdness and his pride is only fit to murder his nearest relations.”

When Kalta found that her scheme had failed she was still more vexed, so she secretly sent for the Magyars to teach her conjuring. When she had had enough of this she threw herself into the hands of the Gauls; but all her bad practices did not improve her position.

When she saw that the sailors kept more and more aloof from her, she tried to win them back by fear. At the full moon, when the sea was stormy, she ran over the wild waves, calling to the sailors that they would all be lost if they did not worship her. Then she blinded their eyes, so that they mistook land for water and water for land, and in this way many a good ship was totally lost. At the first war-feast, when all her countrymen were armed, she brought casks of beer, which she had drugged. When they were all drunk, she mounted her war-horse, leaning her head upon her spear. Sunrise could not be more beautiful. When she saw that the eyes of all were fixed upon her, she opened her lips and said:

“Sons and daughters of Frya, you know that in these last times we have suffered much loss and misery because the sailors no longer come to buy our paper, but you do not know what the reason of it is. I have long kept silence about it, but can do so no longer. Listen, then, my friends, that you may know on which side to show your teeth. On the other side of the Scheldt, where from time to time there come ships from all parts, they make now paper from pumpkin leaves, by which they save flax and outdo us. Now, as the making of paper was always our principal industry, the Mother willed that people should learn it from us; but Minerva has bewitched all the people – yes, bewitched, my friends – as well as all our cattle that died lately. I must come out with it. If I were not Burgtmaid, I should know what to do. I should burn the witch in her nest.”

As soon as she had uttered these words she sped away to her citadel; but the drunken people were so excited that they did not stop to weigh what they had heard. In mad haste they hurried over the Sandval, and as night came on they burst into the citadel. However, Kalta again missed her aim; for Minerva, her maidens, and her lamp were all saved by the alertness of the seamen.

Here included in the Book is an anecdote the ancient writer felt like including. It is a measure of the character of these people.

War had come to an end, but famine came in its place. There were three men who each stole a sack of corn from different owners, but they were all caught. The first owner brought his thief to the judge, and the maidens said everywhere that he done right. The second owner took the corn away from his thief and let him go in peace. The maidens said he has done well. The third owner went to the house of the thief, and when he saw what misery was there, he went and brought a wagon load of necessaries to relieve their distress. Fryas maidens came around him and wrote his deed in the eternal book, and wiped out all his sins. This was reported to the Earth Mother, and she had it made known over the whole country.

Welsh history-mythology records the invasion of the southern plains of Britain by the iron age Belgi whose god Odin had emancipated himself from the White Goddess Freya for a more warlike patronage of kings and priests with the old priesthood being driven north; an alternative version of these ancient histories.

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2014/02/18/rena-easton-and-fair-rosamond/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2013/01/28/rosamundes-grail/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/the-risen-atlantians/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/08/29/lady-of-the-masque/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/01/04/the-oera-linda-books/

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Crushing the Rose of the World

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This blog, and this reporter for Royal Rosamond Press, has been religiously covering the Roza Mira prophecy, and the life-work of Denis de Rougemont a founding father of the European Union. I have lost my Harvard friends, and others who chose to title me mad – after glancing at my arduous work that will now be a historic record of the most aggressive ruler since Hitler.

Take a good look at the photo above – and despair! This is a covert Christian soldier who has hung images of saints on the balcony of the building Putin’s Knight Wolves have captured. Putin subscribes to the same belief that evangelicals practice on our Government, being, Satan employs clever and covert tactics in order to defeat the Kingdom of Emperor Jesus who bids his chosen children to be Devoted Obstructionists.

Mark Gall, a Jew, said he did not invite me to his son’s funeral lest I bore his friends with my genealogies. One friend is a Russian mathematician, and a Jew. These are Liberal Academics who are Jews because their mothers were Jews. Evangelicals want the descendant of King David to rebuild the temple so Jesus will come for them, again. I have 350 people reading this blog, they no doubt looking at my genealogies, because they now matter thanks to Putin – who looks like he can’t be stopped! Is Putin reading this blog – because I got it right and I have the right stuff?

Putin is restoring the Russian Monarchy. I have titled friends on Facebook posting their credentials, their line to the Czars. We have reached the time and place where WORDS and PROPHETS are no longer meaningful. We are on the verge of WAR. If we go to war with Russia, and it is not a nuclear, war, or, if we do not go to war with Putin, and we let him advance his cause, then the World of Bohemians will be the first casuality.

Soldiers propelled forward by War Propaganda – HATE BOHEMIANS! No one has spent more time proving this that then the Military Christian-right who launched a vicious and disloyal campaign to IGNORE the election of Barack Obama as the President of the United States. Putin has employed the same tactic. As a Born Again Christian, he is ignoring the Real World, and what the Secular World has to say, because it owns no God-given Vision for the fate of God’s Children, verses a Secular Humanity.

The fine line that separates Church from State, is being crushed – in the name of Jesus! Therefor, I am going to step up my campaign to completely destroy Christianity by exposing the truth about King David and Saul, who in truth was Samuel the Nazarite Prophet.

What Putin is doing in the Ukraine, the Christniks are doing in America in regards to allowing Democrats to vote, to get to the polling places, and have time to vote. Armed Tea Party Thugs have now captured many polling places and are installing their King Jesus – who does not need to vote, for they claim Jesus is God. This is blasphemy!
Putin is a Christian God!

Jon Presco

The Nazarite Prophet
WASHINGTON — As pro-Russian activity rose in astern Ukraine over the weekend, the White House voiced concerns that Russia might once again advance past Ukrainian borders.

Vice President Joe Biden will travel to Kiev on April 22, the White House announced, to meet with leaders in and outside of the government to reinforce American support and talk about Ukrainian security. Last month, Biden traveled to Europe and met with leaders of NATO members Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to reassure them after Russia’s initial incursion into Crimea.

President Obama’s National Security Council warned that similar developments were seen in Crimea before Russian forces moved in — and warned Russian President Vladimir Putin not to invade.

“We are very concerned by the concerted campaign we see underway in eastern Ukraine today by pro-Russian separatists, apparently with support from Russia, who are inciting violence and sabotage and seeking to undermine and destabilize the Ukrainian state,” NSC spokeswoman Laura Lucas Magnuson said in an e-mail. “We saw similar so-called protest activities in Crimea before Russia’s purported annexation. We call on President Putin and his government to cease all efforts to destabilize Ukraine, and we caution against further military intervention. We will continue to monitor the situation closely.”

Multiple news outlets reported pro-Russian demonstrations in eastern Ukraine, and ABC’s Dragana Jovanovic and Alexander Marquardt reported a number of government buildings were taken over by apparent militiamen wearing mismatched camouflage in the eastern Ukrainian region of Donetsk.

AP ukraine protesters jt 140412 16×9 608 White House Warns Russia Not to Invade as Biden Plans Ukraine Trip
(Credit: Efrem Lukatsky/AP Photo)

NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, speaking in Prague, said Thursday that “some 40,000 Russian troops are massed along Ukraine’s borders — not training, but ready for combat. We have seen the satellite images, day after day. Russia is stirring up ethnic tensions in eastern Ukraine and provoking unrest. And Russia is using its military might to dictate that Ukraine should become a federal, neutral state.”

Russia President Vladimir Putin is well on his way to reestablishing Russia as a regional hegemon and the West has been too slow to recognize and deal with Putin’s strategy, according to the foreign minister of the Czech Republic.

“We are not going back to Stalin, we are going back to Nicholas I,” said Karel Schwarzenberg, the Czech minister of foreign affairs, in an exclusive interview with The Cable. “It was under Nicholas that the great part of Central Asia was conquered by the Russians and Putin is quite successfully getting them under the control of Russia again, and the West is losing.”

The Obama administration is failing to seize on a rare strategic chance, presented by Russia’s increasingly aggressive military posturing around Ukraine, to expand the U.S. missile defense footprint in Eastern Europe, says a group of influential Republican lawmakers.
Several members of the Senate Armed Services Committee say the White House should “re-engage” a George W. Bush administration initiative that would have put ground-based missile interceptors in Poland along with corresponding radar in the Czech Republic — effectively establishing permanent U.S. military positions on the border of the former Soviet Union.

http://www.ul.com/global/eng/pages/newscience/

The Obama administration’s “reset” policy toward Russia was not enough to influence the path of the Russian government, a path that was set when Putin resumed power, Schwarzenberg said, and now the West must acknowledge and deal with the aggressive autocracy Putin has put in place.

“I have the impression we were a bit too late and too little. We were much too slow and much too little engaged during [former President Boris] Yeltsin’s time,” he said. “We can’t accept this; we can’t accept that any world power is dominating his neighbors. We shouldn’t have illusions about the regime Putin has installed.”

He said that Putin was now reacting to the increasing unrest inside Russia by turning inward and isolating Russia from the influence of Western society, for example by shutting down the U.S. Agency for International Development’s mission in Moscow.

“By kicking [USAID] out, he indicated himself what he considers most dangerous for his autocracy,” Schwarzenberg said. “He is now afraid to meet the people and that indicates that he realizes the opposition exists and that it has become a force in Russian society. Russia is changing much faster than he thought. It is not as easy to be a dictator as it was 40 years ago.”

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Mon Belle

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When I was a gifted youth
I do not recall if I studied the artist Sandro Botticelli.
When a man
I wrote my version of ‘The Birth of Venus’
and did a painting of my muse
coming out of the sea.

I must have neglected this great Renaissance Artist,
and his beloved Muse – until now!
But, Since I beheld her, my Belle
and compared her to Simonetta Cattaneo de Candia Vespucci,
do I now behold all the clues of the petals
and the thread
that have brought me through the labyrinth of time,
to adore her once again.

And she recognizes me!
Centuries ago I was buried at her feet
in order to continue my long vigilance,
for she was only asleep.
One day she will awaken, and the City of Flowers
will again bask in her unparelled beauty.

Bella! Mon Belle!

Following the Renaissance of the Miller Brothers
to the top of the hill in the lost city of Fairmount,
I came to the crossroads of time.
When I saw the intersection of Flora and Fairmount,
I knew it would be a matter of days
before I was with my Sleeping Belle, once again,
once upon a time
She is the one I came here for.

After finding the lost tombstone of George Melvin Miller,
the founder of Florence,
I began to see the grand design.
When she came across the piazza de Keasy
while the minstrel sang a song by the Grateful Dead
‘Saint Stephen’
I had my rose at ready.
When I handed it to her
I heard the lovers complain
Where is my Belle Rose!

This is the Renaissance Rose
that my ancestor employed to write his name,
Rosemondt.
When I told Belle what kind of work I do,
I described my painting of a woman coming out of the sea.
Many have asked me who she is. Now, I can say;
“She is Belle, the most beautiful woman in Florence.”
We will go there, soon,
to behold the sea, a shell, and the foam

In 1475
at La Giostra
a jousting tournament was held at the Piazza Santa Croce.
The gallant knight, Giuliano
entered the field bearing a banner
on which was a picture of Simonetta as a helmeted Pallas Athene
Her image was painted by Botticelli himself.
Underneath was the French inscription
La Sans Pareille, meaning “The unparalleled one”.

From then on Simonetta became known
as the most beautiful woman in Florence,
and later
the most beautiful woman of the Renaissance.

Simonetta Vespucci
I salute thee!

Jon Presco

Athena is associated with weaving, as is Neith. The Rosamond cote of arms has two roses on either side of a weaving needle that is made into a cross? It could be a spindle.

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“The Sleeping Beauty” (French: La Belle au bois dormant “The Beauty sleeping in the Wood”) by Charles Perrault or “Little Briar Rose” (German: Dornröschen) by the Brothers Grimm is a classic fairytale involving a beautiful princess, enchantment of sleep, and a handsome prince. Written as an original literary tale, it was first published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou contes du temps passé in 1697.[1]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genevieve_of_Brabant

The princess’s name has been unstable. In Sun, Moon, and Talia, she is named Talia (“Sun” and “Moon” being her twin children). Perrault removed this, leaving her anonymous, although naming her daughter “L’Aurore”. The Brothers Grimm named her “Briar Rose” in their 1812 collection.[8] This transfer was taken up by Disney in the film, which also called her Aurora.[9] John Stejean named her “Rosebud” in TeleStory Presents.

The Brothers Grimm included a variant, Little Briar Rose, in their collection (1812).[8] It truncates the story as Perrault and Basile told it to the ending now generally known: the arrival of the prince concludes the tale.[10] Some translations of the Grimm tale give the princess the name Rosamond. The brothers considered rejecting the story on the grounds that it was derived from Perrault’s version, but the presence of the Brynhild tale convinced them to include it as an authentically German tale. Still, it is the only known German variant of the tale, and the influence of Perrault is almost certain.[11]

Athena/Athene (/ˈpæləs/; Παλλὰς Ἀθηνᾶ; Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη), is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. Minerva is the Roman goddess identified with Athena.[3]

Athena is portrayed as a shrewd companion of heroes and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavour. She is the virgin patroness of Athens. The Athenians founded the Parthenon on the Acropolis of her namesake city, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honour.[3]

Athena’s veneration as the patron of Athens seems to have existed from the earliest times, and was so persistent that archaic myths about her were recast to adapt to cultural changes. In her role as a protector of the city (polis), many people throughout the Greek world worshiped Athena as Athena Polias (Ἀθηνᾶ Πολιάς “Athena of the city”). The city of Athens and the goddess Athena essentially bear the same name (Athena the Goddess, Athenai the city) while it is not known which of the two words is derived from the other.[4]

The Greek philosopher Plato (428–347 BC) identified her with the Egyptian deity Neith, which, they say was worshiped at the city of Sais, located at the Delta of Egypt, as the founder of the city.[5] The latter was the war goddess and huntress deity of the Egyptians since the ancient Pre-Dynastic period, who was also identified with weaving.

Her name also may be interpreted as meaning water. In time, this led to her being considered as the personification of the primordial waters of creation. She is identified as a great mother goddess in this role as a creator.

Neith’s symbol and part of her hieroglyph also bore a resemblance to a loom, and so later in the history of Egyptian myths, she also became goddess of weaving, and gained this version of her name, Neith, which means weaver. At this time her role as a creator changed from being water-based to that of the deity who wove all of the world and existence into being on her loom.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neith

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The Real Beat Girl

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On May 10, 1964, my first girlfriend, Marilyn Godfrey, was issued a green card by the French government. She was
seventeen years of age and living with her sister, a famous French Radical, who was once married to Les McCann’s drummer, Ron Jefferson, and later would co-author the biography of Fela.

Marilyn introduced me to Les who married Charlotte, a French woman who adopted the love of my life. She was a blond cabaret singer who had a Marilyn spend the summers in her home so she could have a reprieve from her mother who was a strict Baptist who forced me to go to church and several Billy Graham Crusades. If our Love Story were to be made into a movie, than I would be the Beat Elvis who is forbidden to see my Beat girlfriend after I refused to go down on to the playing field of the LA Coliseum, and be saved.

When we broke up in April of 64, Marilyn told me her mother had forbidden me to see her again, and if I tried, I would be arrested. If I had told my mother, Rosemary, about this threat, Marie would have been dead, and Mighty Mo, a Catholic, would be rocken in prison, she doing the Jailhouse Rock to a chorus line she choreographed.

Marie and Rosemary were Madonnas in their own right. Both mothers were sinners who transferred their sins on to their beautiful children who were hopelessly in love. All we wanted was to sip tea by the fireplace in our Coffeehouse, as I sketched my Parisian Bohemian. We talked about living in France. We were very hot for one another, but, would not go all the way, because, Marie, Rosemary, and Billy Graham forbid this. While Elvis was encouraged to be sexual and free – with many women – the Beat Elvis was oppressed, hounded, then hunted down.

On January 15, 1964, I quit my job at May Company, and hitchhiked to New York where I lived in the Village. My plan was to get a job on a freighter and go find Marilyn. But, not in the Big Apple a month, my mother tells M has come home and is looking for me. I am not given a phone number.

Above is a photo of Marilyn on board a freighter bound for France. Our schoolmate, Jeff Pasternak, is taking M to see Paris. His father is the famous movie director, Joseph Pasternak. I suspect Joe saw the movie ‘Beat Girl’ that was made in 1960, starring, Gillian Hills. Did he also see
this movie when it came to America as ‘Wild For Kicks’ and thus was looking to make tame sexual exploitation movies that would get past the censors – and Billy Graham?

I conclude ‘Beat Girl’ is the first British Invasion. I suspect the Beatles saw this movie – several times – and thus their name, they all having the hots for Britian’s Brigget Bardot.

Gillian was in the movie ‘Blow Up’. Above is a photo of Marilyn taken by the famous fashion photographer, Steven Silverstein. M was friends of the Silverstein family and made the dress she is wearing. M wanted to be a fashion designer, and studied in Paris. M made the dress my ex is wore at our wedding. Debbie Boone owned the same dress.

Mary Ann Thoraldsen, was married to the Beat Author, Thomas Pynchon, and was a good friend of Mimmi Farina who she did a life-sized portrait of. Mimi is the sister of Joan Baez, who had a close bond with Bob Dylan, who was almost the Beat Elvis. Bob and other Beats were accosted by the New York Police in Washington Square, because they were competing with Billy’s desire to save our youth – in the name of Jesus!

Above is a photo of M modeling at thirteen. She would model at twenty-four. There she is in my brother’s backyard with my famous sister, Christine Rosamond.

The beat goes on! My friend Amy Oles Sargent, is a new age Beat, as is Belle. Amy is kin to the Petty family that Joe Pasternak exploited in his movie ‘Spinout’. Elvis is a NASCAR driver who falls in love with a Tax Revenuer who were the bane of Bootleggers that hopped up their cars in order to outrun the police. Billy and his son do not shake their Bibles at these Redneck Bubbas, because they sit in them-there Southern Baptist pews pretending they got Jesus in their heart so no one can stop these healthy and hot Southern Belles from steaming up those windows parked out at Lover’s Lane.

Meanwhile, a Beat with a dulcimer is running for his life, a NYPC about to knock his brains out with a club. I would like to say we Beat Boys and Girls have come a long way. But, nothing has changed.

While talking to Belle I noticed she had a mole on her neck. This sent me more into a trance because M had a mole on her neck. I suddenly realize this is the end of my biography ‘Capturing Beauty’ that was about our Muses. I asked M where was the mole on her neck. She told me she had it removed eighteen years ago because it was cancerous. I could not tell if she was pleased because I recalled it, or, upset because I finally noticed it is gone.

If the truth must be known, I ran away from Belle. I was going to ask her to join me for dinner, but, I had fallen in love. I did not trust what would come out of my mouth that would overwhelm her, like I overwhelmed Rena, supposedly! But, I suspect she became jealous when she saw M’s daughter, Neisha, reading her poem on youtube.

I suspect the closely guarded secret about women, is, they have incredible memories. Rena has memorized thousands of poems, but, has never recited in public. Neither has Belle, she professing she is so very shy. This is when I fell in love with her. What a darling scene. I ran away before I spoiled it’s perfection, for she is the last one. Not only Belle look like Marilyn, but she is there, in her daughter. These are the Beat Belles who have captured my heart.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2014

On Sunday, April 9, 1961, close to 3,000 “Beatniks,” including a 19-year-old Bob Dylan, came to the park to play their music in opposition of this ban.  The protest was arranged by Izzy Young, head of the Folklore Center on MacDougal Street.  A group of protestors who sat in the fountain singing “We Shall Not be Moved” was attacked by police with billy clubs.  Another group sang the Star Spangled Banner, thinking police would not attack such a display of patriotism- they were wrong.  Even the mounted police unit was present.  All in all, many were arrested and many more were pushed, shoved, and ordered out.  Eventually the ban was lifted after more protests ensued and a 1,500 person petition was signed.

Dan Drasin’s 1961 film Sunday captured the April 9th Conflict. Very little documentation remains from that significant day, other than a 17-minute film taken of the riot by Dan Drasin titled “Sunday” (which can be viewed online) and photos taken by Izzy Young. The legacy of free-spirit and artistic creation in Washington Square Park, however, remains ever-present.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vic_Flick

Beat Girl is a 1960 British film about late-fifties youth-rebellion. The title character is played by starlet Gillian Hills, who later went on to have numerous small roles in 1960s and 1970s films, such as Blowup and A Clockwork Orange, and became a successful “ye-ye” singer in France.

The music was performed by The John Barry Seven & Orchestra. It was the first British soundtrack album to be released on an LP. The film also features Christopher Lee as a strip-joint operator, Oliver Reed, and Nigel Green. It features the film debuts of Adam Faith and Peter McEnery.

The film was released in America under the title Wild for Kicks

Born in Cairo, Egypt, Hills was the daughter of teacher, traveller, author, and adventurer Denis Hills. Her mother was Dunia Leśmian, daughter of Polish poet Bolesław Leśmian. She spent her early years in France, where she was discovered by Roger Vadim, who saw her as the new Brigitte Bardot and cast her in a version of Les liaisons dangereuses.

As a teenager, Hills starred in the British film Beat Girl in 1960, the soundtrack for which was among John Barry’s earliest. Her co-star was a young Adam Faith in his first film role. The British Board of Film Censors ordered that cuts be made before they would give an X certificate.
In 1960, Hills signed with the French Barclay Records label and released her first EP entitled “Allo Brigitte..ne coupez pas!”.

In 1961, she appeared at the prestigious Olympia Theatre in Paris on a bill with Johnny Hallyday. She remained with Barclay until 1964, having released both cover and original recordings. In 1965, she signed to the AZ record label run by the radio station Europe 1 and issued an EP that included a cover of the Zombies “Leave Me Be” and her self-penned “Rien N’Est Changé”.

At the close of her recording career, Hills returned to England and film, appearing in Michelangelo Antonioni’s first English language film, Blowup (1966), starring David Hemmings, with whom her character and that of Jane Birkin shared an energetic romp in which all their clothes were gradually removed. This was followed by the film version of the John Osborne play Inadmissible Evidence and the mystery romance Three. Hills also starred, as Alison Bradley, in the 1969 adaptation of Alan Garner’s novel The Owl Service. Other film appearances followed, most notably a cameo in A Clockwork Orange (1971) in which Hills played one of two girls picked up in a record shop by Malcolm McDowell’s character, Alex.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Jefferson

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_McCann

http://www.lesmccann-officialwebsite.com/

http://users.rcn.com/bobfreed/www/lesdisco/a20.html

Les_McCann_Trio_(1962)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_liaisons_dangereuses_(film)

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Pasternak

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Racecar driver Steve Grayson’s manager and friend, Kenny Donford (Bixby), has mismanaged his winnings and Steve finds himself in deep trouble with the Internal Revenue Service for back taxes. This proves to be a problem for him in his efforts to continue to race competitively and support those who require his generosity.
Susan Jacks (Sinatra) is an IRS agent assigned to keep tabs on Steve and apply his future prize money toward his $150,000 debt. But she ends up taking a romantic interest in him.
Production[edit]
Scenes were shot at the Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord, North Carolina. The film features guest appearances by several of the top stock-car—better known now as NASCAR—drivers of the day including Richard Petty, Buddy Baker, Cale Yarborough, Tiny Lund and more.
This would be the final “formula” musical film of Presley’s career. His later films would be less musical and more adult in tone.

Although the film was completed in the early summer of 1967, it was not released in theaters until the spring of 1968. It was a box-office hit, placing at #40 on the Variety weekly national box office list.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speedway_(film)

http://www.silversteinphotography.net/

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Ephod Solar System

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I have a theory the Ark carried a crystal solar orb that omitted a powerful light after being exposed to the sun. Moses and Aaron were Egyptian Artisans who led a revolt amongst the Jewish people who were making pyramids. The ephod had jewels upon it that were laid over this orb and broadcast a solar system inside the Kings Chamber. This is the Thummim and the Urim. These jewels were not set in a square pattern. When laid over a sphere, these lights were broadcast in all directions. This is why there was a portable tent (tabernacle) and why the Holy of Holies was pitch dark.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2014

Thummim (תוּמִים) is widely considered to be derived from the consonantal root תתּוּמִים (t-m-m), meaning innocent,[1][2][3] while Urim (אוּרִים) has traditionally been taken to derive from a root meaning lights;[

An ephod (Hebrew אֵפוֹד) (/ˈɛfɒd/ or /ˈiːfɒd/) was an article of clothing, and an object of worship in ancient Israelite culture, and was closely connected with oracular practices and priestly ritual.

In the Books of Samuel, David is described as wearing an ephod when dancing in the presence of the Ark of the Covenant (2 Samuel 6:14) and one is described as standing in the sanctuary at Nob, with a sword behind it (1 Samuel 21:9). In the book of Exodus and in Leviticus one is described as being created for the Jewish High Priest to wear as part of his official vestments (Exodus 28:4+, 29:5, 39:2+; Leviticus 8:7).

In the Book of Judges, Gideon and Micah each cast one from a metal, and Gideon's was worshipped (Judges 8:26-27, Judges 17:5).
Thummim (תוּמִים) is widely considered to be derived from the consonantal root תתּוּמִים (t-m-m), meaning innocent,[1][2][3] while Urim (אוּרִים) has traditionally been taken to derive from a root meaning lights;[
4] these derivations are reflected in the Neqqudot of the masoretic text.[3] In consequence, Urim and Thummim has traditionally been translated as lights and perfections (by Theodotion, for example), or, by taking the phrase allegorically, as meaning revelation and truth, or doctrine and truth (it appears in this form in the Vulgate, in the writing of Jerome, and in the Hexapla).[2]

However, although at face value the words are plural, the context suggests they are pluralis intensivus – singular words which are pluralised to enhance their apparent majesty.[2] The singular forms – ur and tumm – have been connected by some early scholars with the Babylonian terms urtu and tamitu, meaning oracle and command, respectively.[2] Many scholars now believe that אוּרִים (Urim) simply derives from the Hebrew term אּרּרִים (Arrim), meaning curses, and thus that Urim and Thummim essentially means cursed or faultless, in reference to the deity’s view of an accused—in other words Urim and Thummim were used to answer the question innocent or guilty.[1][3]

Form and function[edit]

1 Samuel 14:41 is regarded by biblical scholars as key to understanding the Urim and Thummim;[2] the passage describes an attempt to identify a sinner via divination, by repeatedly splitting the people into two groups and identifying which group contains the sinner. In the version of this passage in the Masoretic text, it describes Saul and Jonathan being separated from the rest of the people, and lots being cast between them; the Septuagint version, however, states that Urim would indicate Saul and Jonathan, while Thummim would indicate the people. In the Septuagint, a previous verse[5] uses a phrase which is usually translated as inquired of God, which is significant as the grammatical form of the Hebrew implies that the inquiry was performed by objects being manipulated; scholars view it as evident from these verses and versions that cleromancy was involved, and that Urim and Thummim were the names of the objects being cast.[3][disputed – discuss]

The description of the clothing of the Hebrew high priest in the Book of Exodus portrays the Urim and Thummim as being put into the sacred breastplate, worn by the high priest over the Ephod.[6] Where the Scripture elsewhere describes an Ephod being used for divination, scholars presume that it is referring to use of the Urim and Thummim in conjunction with the Ephod, as this seems to be intimately connected with it;[2] similarly where non-prophets are portrayed as asking HaShem for guidance, and the advice isn’t described as given by visions, scholars think that Urim and Thummim were the medium implied.[3] In all but two cases (1 Samuel 10:22 and 2 Samuel 5:23), the question is one which is effectively answered by a simple yes or no;[3] a number of scholars believe that the two exceptions to this pattern, which give more complex answers, were originally also just sequences of yes/no questions, but became corrupted by later editing.[3]

There is no description of the form of the Urim and Thummim in the passage describing the high priest’s vestments, and a number of scholars believe that the author of the passage, which textual scholars attribute to the priestly source, wasn’t actually entirely aware of what they were either.[3] Nevertheless, the passage does describe them as being put into the breastplate, which scholars think implies they were objects put into some sort of pouch within it, and then, while out of view, one (or one side, if the Urim and Thummim was a single object) was chosen by touch and withdrawn or thrown out;[3] since the Urim and Thummim were put inside this pouch, they were presumably small and fairly flat, and were possibly tablets of wood or of bone.[3] With the view of scholars that Urim essentially means guilty and Thummim essentially means innocent, this would imply that the purpose of the Urim and Thummim was an ordeal to confirm or deny suspected guilt; if the Urim was selected it meant guilt, while selection of the Thummim would mean innocence.

Contents [hide]
1 Description
2 Wearing and composition
3 Origins
4 Extended uses
5 See also
6 References
7 External links

Description[edit]

Within the Bible, in the contexts where it is worn, the ephod is usually described as being linen, but did not constitute complete clothing of any kind, as the Books of Samuel describe David’s wife Michal as taunting him for indecently exposing himself by wearing one.[1] Though some Bible translations insert the word “only” before ephod (inferring David was indecent), the book of 1 Chronicles states that David was “clothed with a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who bore the ark… [and] David also wore an ephod of linen,” [NAS Bible translation; 1 Chronicles, 15:27] “and David was wearing a linen ephod” [NAS Bible translation; 2 Samuel, 6:14]. There appears to have been a strong religious and ceremonial implication to wearing an ephod, since the 85 priests at Nob are specifically identified as being the type of people who wore an ephod;[2] though the Masoretic text here describes them as being linen ephods (1 Samuel 22:18) the word linen is not present in the Septuagint version of the passage, nor is it present when the Septuagint describes David and Samuel as girding themselves with an ephod. Therefore, some textual scholars regard its presence in the Masoretic text as a later editorial gloss.[2]

Wearing and composition[edit]

A passage in the Book of Exodus describes the Ephod as an elaborate garment worn by the high priest, and upon which the Hoshen, or breastplate containing Urim and Thummim, rested. According to this description, the Ephod was woven out of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet threads, was made of fine linen, and was embroidered with skillful work in gold thread (Exodus 28:6-14) the Talmud argues that each of the textures was combined in six threads with a seventh of gold leaf, making 28 threads to the texture in total.[3]

The Biblical description continues without describing the shape or length of the ephod, except by stating that it was held together by a girdle, and had two shoulder straps which were fastened to the front of the ephod by golden rings, to which the breastplate was attached by golden chains (Exodus 28:6-14) from this description it appears to have been something like a minimalist apron or skirt with braces,[1] though Rashi argued that it was like a woman’s riding girdle.[2] The biblical description also adds that there were two engraved gems over the shoulder straps (like epaulettes), made from shoham (thought by scholars to mean malachite,[2][4] by Jewish tradition to mean heliodor,[2] and in the King James Version is translated as “onyx”), and with the names of the 12 tribes written upon them; the classical rabbinical sources differ as to the order in which the tribes were named on the jewels (Sotah 36a).

Origins[edit]

Textual scholars attribute the description of the Ephod in Exodus to the priestly source and to a date later than the other mentions of Ephod;[5] biblical scholars believe that the Ephod may have evolved over time into this highly ceremonial form from more primitive beginnings (the simple linen form described in the Books of Samuel), much like the manner in which the highly liturgical maniple evolved from an ordinary handkerchief.[1]

Extended uses[edit]

Besides use as a garment, an Ephod was also used for oracular purposes, in conjunction with Urim and Thummim;[6] the books of Samuel imply that whenever Saul or David wished to question God via oracular methods, they asked a priest for the ephod.[6] Since the oracular process is considered by scholars to have been one of cleromancy, with the Urim and Thummim being the objects which were drawn as lots, the Ephod is considered by scholars to have been some form of container for the Urim and Thummim;[2][6] to harmonise this with the descriptions of the Ephod as a garment, it is necessary to conclude that the Ephod must have originally been some sort of pocket, which the priests girded to themselves.[1][2] However, the biblical text states the Urim and Thummim were placed in the breastplate, not the ephod (Leviticus 8:8). The integration of the stones in the breastplate, as well as the Hebrew usage of “Urim” as “lights,” suggest that the Urim and Thummim may have been a type of ocular device through which the priest would look when receiving divine communication.[7]

The object at Nob, which must have been somewhat freestanding since another object is kept behind it, and the objects made by Gideon and by Micah, from molten gold, logically cannot have just been garments.[1][2] The object made by Gideon is plainly described as having been worshipped, and therefore the idol of some deity (possibly of Yahweh), while the object made by Micah is closely associated with a Teraphim, and the Ephod and Teraphim are described interchangeably with the Hebrew terms pesel and massekah, meaning graven image, and molten image, respectively.[1][2]

Even the ephods used for oracular purposes were not necessarily just pieces of cloth, as they are not described as being worn, but carried (though some translations render 1 Samuel 2:28 as wear an ephod rather than carry an ephod[5]); the Hebrew term used in these passages for carry is nasa, which specifically implies that the Ephod was carried either in the hand or on the shoulder.[2] The conclusion thus is that Ephod, in these cases, referred to a portable idol, which the lots were cast in front of;[1][2] some scholars have suggested that the connection between the idol and the garment is that the idol was originally clothed in a linen garment, and the term Ephod gradually came to describe the idol as a whole.[2]

Other scholars[who?] suggest that the ephod originally refers to a container for the stones used to cast lots and later became associated with many objects that also could contain the stones or were used in divination.

According to the Talmud, the wearing of the ephod atoned for the sin of idolatry on the part of the Children of Israel.[8]

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Solar Lit Pryamids

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sunmarble

There is no trace of soot inside the pyramids where artisans carved for months. We may be looking at the solution in a solar light collecting sphere, a crystal ball the ancients made that could even harness moonlight.

Jon Presco

The Rawlemon project revolves around a weatherproof sphere that’s designed to rotate and follow the sun across the sky. It’s so sensitive to light that at night, it can even harvest moonlight and convert it into electricity.

PHOTOS: Top 5 Places to Harvest Energy from Action

Andre Broessel, the architect and designer, says his spherical, sun-tracking glass globe is able to concentrate sunlight and moonlight up to 10,000 times and that the system is 35 percent more efficient than photovoltaic designs that track the sun. One of Rawlemon’s idea is to build these globes into the exterior walls of buildings and use them to generate electricity. For other uses and beautiful images of the globes, click here.
•Clouds!

In 2012, Inhabitat featured an invention that promised to turn the world of solar power generation upside down. Rawlemon’s spherical solar energy-generating globe looked a

Lunar, Spencer Finch, solar powered art, moonlight, buckyball, art institute of chicago, lunar module

•Glowing Solar-Powered Buckyball Sculpture Illuminates the Art Institute of Chicago With Moonlight

Finch has long been fascinated with the moon, specifically the light cast off of our “night light” in the sky. In July 2011, Finch took

Rawlemon, Betaray, beta.ey, atmospheric lamp, Rawlemon Indiegogo, solar charger, solar concentrating sphere, concentrated solar power, crystal ball, power from light,

•Rawlemon’s New Spherical Beta.ey Solar Generator Can Charge Your Cell Phone

For the past year or so, Rawlemon has been blowing our minds with their innovative concepts for concentrated solar power generation. Back in 2012 Inhabitat

Robert Flottemesch, Jen DeNike, Johanna Ballhaus, and Adrian P. De Luca, Land Art Generator Initiative, Lunar Cubit, solar power, green architecture, pyramids, renewable energy, sustainable energy

•Lunar Cubit: Gigantic Solar Pyramids to Power Abu Dhabi

The motto of these sleek black pyramids is “Renewable Energy Can Be Beautiful.” No, the Luxor Casino in Las Vegas did not suddenly develop a

Read more: Rawlemon’s Spherical Solar Energy-Generating Globes Can Even Harvest Energy from Moonlight | Inhabitat – Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building

Electric Lights in Egypt?

by Frank Dörnenburg

It is a widespread belief in alternative science that our forefathers possessed a much greater technological knowledge than our schoolbook science is willing to accept. Many of those theories are lacking serious foundation and are often based on overdrawn speculations [ like the Manna machine ].

The Lamp

In the temple of Hathor at Dendera, several dozens of kilometers
north of Luxor, there are reliefs interpreted by some “experts” as lamps.

But the theory that electricity was known and used in antiquity seems to rest on a much more stable foundation. The key to the whole theory lies a few hundred kilometers east of Egypt, in today’s Iraq. There some strange pots were found. Some contained watertight copper cylinders, glued into the opening with asphalt. In the middle of the cylinder was an iron rod, held in place also with asphalt. The excavator who found the first of these pots in 1936 was sure: this is a galvanic element, a primitive battery. Reconstructions did indeed show that it was possible to create electricity with it.

Another key element for the electro-thesis is actually something that is missing.
It’s a riddle where schoolbook science is capitulating. Soot. In none of the many thousands of subterranean tombs and pyramid shafts was found a single trace of soot, as we are told by the authors of the electro-thesis, although many of these tombs are full of often colourful paintings. But the primitive light sources the Egyptians knew (candles, oil lamps etc.) are always leaving soot and are using oxygen. So how DID the Egyptians get their light? Some rationalists are arguing with mirrors, but the quality of the copper plates the Egyptians used as mirrors were not good enough for that.

Tempel

Temple of Hathor in Dendera

In this temple in Dendera, several dozens of kilometers north of Luxor, some experts found the light. A Norwegian electrical engineer noticed that the object shown on the relief on top of this page could work as a lamp. An Austrian colleague was able to construct a working model, and two well known authors in the AAS, Peter Krassa and Rainer Habeck, could even work out a real theory based on it. What we see is without question a form of bulb, with two arms reaching into it near its thick end, and a sort of cable at the other end, from where a snake is leaping out to touch the arms on the other side. The whole ensemble really looks like a lamp.

Lamp 1

Another picture from the crypts of Dendera:
Eastern relief on south wall

Is this the proof? Did the Egyptians know and use electric lights? If so, where did they get the principle from? Was it from their own invention, or did they have help?

Soot and Lamps

Before I go into the details of Dendera, I will examine some of the circumstantial evidence. That’s because some points several authors use to prepare the “light mystery” are in contrast to what I have seen personally. Here are two of many quotes:

“Krassa and Habeck are telling us, that torches, oil lamps or candles are emitting soot on a large scale, which must be detecteable on walls and ceilings. But that is not the case.”[ 1 ]

or

“In the Roman and Greek world torches and oil lamps were used to light the buildings. Wherever places are left where such devices were positioned, we can find traces of soot on the walls and ceilings. But in ancient Egypt … we can find these combustion traces nowhere.”[ 2 ]

Well, I have been in Egypt several times now, and I never had a problem to detect soot in pyramids and tombs. As an example here the soot covered burial chamber walls of the Red Pyramid of Dahschur:

Soot in Red Pyramid

Soot in burial chamber

This chamber is completely above ground, built by Snofru, father of the builder of the Great Pyramid, Khufu. The soot seems to be millimeters thick, and if one goes through the pyramid passages in Egypt a look at the ceiling is enough to find soot in abundance.

The oldest comment known to me about soot in the Great Pyramid is from John Greaves, in a book from 1638!![ 3 ]

The passages and chambers in Egyptian pyramids were built with a few exceptions in open ditches like the example of Abu Roasch below. A large dugout was furnished with several layers of floor- and wall blocks, the sarcophagus was lowered into the open chamber, ornamented wall parts, finished outside, were lifted down and put in place, the roof was positioned, and then the ditch was refilled. The whole construction process took place in broad daylight.

Ausschachtung Abu Roasch Ausschachtung Abu Roasch

Abu Roasch – Trench for burial chamber

The great chambers of the red pyramid, and the passages in the great Pyramid, also were built in full daylight. The whole time, until the last ceiling block was positioned years after the chamber was begun, all tasks like polishing and furnishing the walls and roof beams could be done in daylight. Why should there be soot in such constructions? In the pyramid age only very few construction projects needed artificial light, like the Djoser-labyrinth and the underground passage and chamber in Khufu’s pyramid.

It’s the same with the decorated chambers of the pyramids of the 5th and 6th dynasty. All decorations could be put to the wall blocks in broad daylight which were then covered afterwards. Even most of the private mastaba tombs could be finished with no artificial light. So missing soot in all these constructions would be no mystery at all.

Well, but what IS funny: In all these buildings which did not need any artificial lighting, soot can be found. Even the walls of the crypts where those supposed light bulb reliefs were found are covered with soot, as this picture shows::

Soot on Dendera-Relief

Dendera – Soot on lamp relief

The original white color of the lime stone can be seen on the edges of the re-set block…

The book quotes from above have now been falsified twice. For one, many of the passages needed no artificial lighting, and second they also contain lots of soot.

The source of the soot is pretty clear: almost all buildings have been opened in antiquity and were tourist attractions through the centuries, even millenia. For example: Greek writings were found in the subterran chamber of the Great Pyramid.

There were thousands of visitors in them, and every single one of them, until the beginning of the 20th century, had to use oil lamps, candles or open flame torches to get light. And all those people spent a much larger amount of time in those buildings than the original builders.

Preliminary evaluation

One of the major foundational arguments for the lamp idea has disappeared. We now see that that the “no soot” argument is definitively untrue, as even buildings which did not need light during construction time have soot in them. A bad situation which can even get worse… Let’s take a look at

Smoking lamps

This was my first lesson in how slow riddles are dying in alternative science. Because the first time I discussed this topic was even before I had connection to Usenet: in 1989!

I hadn’t written anything critical about Dendera or even Daeniken yet – that was still five years in the future. But Daenikens new book “In den Augen der Sphinx” had just been published, and the passage I quoted on top of the page was discussed in one group of the so called “Maus-Netz”.

Well, if Daeniken was right, then all churches, houses and palaces before the invention of electric light must have been soot holes, because they all had candles or oil lamps as primary light sources. I hadn’t noticed that, so there was a chance, that Daeniken was wrong. So I concluded that an experiment was necessary here.

I took an ash tray, filled it with olive oil, formed a wick out of cotton wool, and soaked it with oil. Then I put the wick onto the side of the bowl so that it stuck out about 5 mm over the rim. I lit it – and it produced a steady, smokeless flame. Only an extremely long wick lead to an emission of soot.

I put a white dish over the flame, about 50 cm high, but I was unable to detect any trace of soot even after a long time. And it was nice to find out after some years that even experts like the famous material experts Clarke/Engelbach shared my opinion:

“Many visitors to the monuments express surprise that the painting could have been carried out in the darkness of the tombs and in the dim light of the temples. The Egyptian lamp was of the simplest type, merely a wick floating in oil. It is not infrequently represented in the scenes in the tombs, where it usually takes the form of an open receptacle mounted on a tall foot which, in the smaller examples, can be grasped in the hand. In the pictures, there arise from the receptacle what we may assume to be wicks or flames, always curved over the top as if blown by a current of air. Stand lamps in limestone have been found in the pyramid of El-Lahun, and representations of them in stone in the ‘Labrinth’ at Hawara. In Egyptian houses, small dishes were also used as lamps. They usually have their rims pinched into a spout …

The absence of smoke-blackening in the tombs of the kings is also no difficult explanation. If olive-oil is used, there is very little smoke, and a suitable covering over the lamp, for which various methods readily suggest themselves, would very easily prevent carbon being deposited on the ceiling.”[ 4 ]

And even from the region where artificial light was most necessary we have notes from the Egyptians themselves: The many 100 m long tombs in the Valley of the Kings were definitively lighted with oil lamps and wicks, since we have protocols about wicks and lamps handed out to the workers each day from the Valley of the Kings – where it was carefully documented how many wicks of what length, and how much oil was given to each worker – there is no mystery at all how these tombs were illuminated. There is no place for pharaonic flash lights.[ 5 ]

After I posted my results to the “Maus” I made first contact with the wide spread unwillingness in alternative science to accept unpleasant results. “Bullsh*t”, “nonsense”, “I don’t believe you”, were the comments to my sootless lamps. I wrote back “People, you mustn’t believe me, just try it out for yourselves.”. Again I drew a blank: “I don’t need to try it out, I know what happens and it’s not what you are posting here” was the only reaction.

Yes, and THAT is precisely the reason why the “mystery of the soot” is still part of every new publication and of at least one “mystery park”….

Conclusion:

Well, as Mr. Spock would say. “Fascinating”. None of the premises of the soot fans are correct. There is soot, although the Egyptian lamps were almost sootless and even buildings in no need of artificial illumination contain soot. This whole argument is as wrong as an argument can be. But just because we are sure that the soot comes from non-Egyptian sources it is still no evidence that can be used to propose alternative lighting methods.

BTW: It is possible to reduce soot from oil lamps by putting salt into the oil. I didn’t try it out because I couldn’t get soot even without salt in the oil…

Remarks:

[1] Däniken, Erich von; Die Augen der Sphinx, Ullstein 1989, P. 215
[2] Ercivan, Erdogan; Das Sternentor der Pyramiden, Bettendorf 1997, P. 83
[3] explained in in: Lauer, Jean-Phillipe; Das Geheimnis der Pyramiden, Herbig 1980, P. 37 f
[4] Clarke, Somers & Engelbach, Reginald; Ancient Egyptian Masonry, London 1930, P. 201
[5] Brunner-Traut, Emma; Alltag unter Pharaonen, Herder 1998, P. 245

Energy Sources

There are more critical points about the lamp theory aside from the false argument of the missing soot. Another one: Where could have the Egyptians taken electricity from? For more than 200 years now systematic diggings took place in Egypt, and no electrical generators could be found. The only objects at all found from antique times which could produce some electricity are the famous

Baghdad-Batteries

These small pots which were found in the proximity of today’s Baghdad are the best candidates for electro-chemical devices found so far [ Baghdad Battery ].
The oldest were found in a Parthi settlement, which was inhabited around the time of Christ’s birth. The discovery site – a presumed hill which coincidentally was found to be an ancient village in 1936 – suggests even a later settling. The other pots even might have to be settled into the period to 1200 CE. From this, any usage of such devices in ancient Egypt seems to be very improbable.

Right from the beginning the chief excavator Wilhelm Koenig had the opinion that these pots had been batteries used for galvanizing items. Some finds and writings led to the belief that the Parthians knew a method of coating copper or silver with gold by using gold cyanide – without the use of electricity. With a reconstruction of the supposed battery the galvanizing rate could be quadrupled.

Such devices were unly useable once. If they were used in large numbers in daily life, remnants of them must have been found somewhere. This is known to the propagists of this idea, too, so they strip down the usage of electric light to “sacral purposes only”. The situation gets scizophrenic here: On one hand the author show a problem (soot) which only could be solvend (in their opinion) by massive use of electric lighting, on the other hand they reduce their theory to a small scale sacral use themselves. Their own theory therefore can not solve the problem created to initiate the idea!

Battery = Energy?

There are surely differences between an accelerated galvanizing technique and lighting a light bulb. In the first case small amperages and voltages are enough to do the job, but not in the second case. Even a small torch bulb needs about one Watt to shed a dim light.

The performance of a battery is the product of voltage and amperage (volt times ampere). The voltage is a material constant between different metals. If we place two different metals in acid we can measure an electric difference measured i Volts.. This difference is independent from the size of the plates, it only depends on the materials used. The difference between two plates of the same material is null. Therefore you can sort the various metals into an electro-chemical row with the most negative elements (giving up electrons) to the left and the most positive ones (collecting electrons) to the right. This principle is known to us for approximately 200 years, and the best combinations for metals are known almost as long.

The “batteries” found in Baghdad however are quite poor in comparison. Some contained only same metals (copper rods in copper cylinders) and can produce therefore no voltage at all. And those few who could contains the metal pairing copper/iron which are only 0.5 volts apart on the electro-chemical scale. This excludes any systematic research of the phenomenon which would be the basis for the development of a lamp.

The second factor for a battery was solved nearly as inefficient
than the first. The amperage depends on the surface of the used electrodes. An ideal battery possesses two electrodes with surfaces as large as possible, with materials lying apart as far as possible on the electro-chemical scale. For example disk batteries like the famous Volta pile, which consisted of copper and zinc plates. Or our zinc coal batteries, whose central electrode is an activated charcoal staff with an active surface as large as several football fields. The relics of Baghdad are there poor, too, they came with single rods of iron with a minimal surface as counter electrode. This is another sign against a systematic research of electricity.

Battery = Light?

In 1995 I made a reconstruction of a Baghdad-type battery myself. My first try was a disaster: The reaction stopped after a few minutes. After some research I found the reason: Such natural acids which could have been used (I used vinegar) need air to react. Therefore the closed original constructions never could have worked as batteries!

After I drilled several holes into the cylinder it produced about 0.4-0.5 volts with open contacts, and had a short circuit amperage of 50 mA. The electrical “performance” adds up to 25 milli Watts without connected devices (which breaks down to 1/10th with a single bulb attached).

That means however, that for the operation of only one 1 watt-bulb the ridiculous quantity of forty batteries is needed! Since each battery weighs approximately 2 kilograms, the Egyptian flashlight without rack and wiring would weigh around 80 kilograms!

Oh, after approximately 8 hours power output the inside of the battery decomposes into a green, poisonous mud which must be disposed of.

And the soldering on the bottom gave way, too, so that the whole mess fell into the cylinder I had placed below the metal cylinder.

For the lighting of the building sites with batteries this means:

•One 1 Watt bulb needs 40 batteries per working day.
•A worker needs a lamp
•10 workers were digging out each site
•Each excavation took two years (veeeery carefully estimated)
•=> each system needed 292000 (!) batteries!
•Total weight: 584 tons!
•there are 400 large underground sites in Egypt
•=> 116 million batteries were necessary
•==> With a total weight of 233600 tons!
•All these batteries would have to lie around somewhere as scrap iron or waste. The find situation for batteries in Egypt is however ZERO!

There is just another minor item always “forgotten” by the proponents of ancient batteries: The iron. Iron was a rare and precious metal in Egypt, because no ore is found there. The next iron ore deposits are in today’s Turkey, and were in firm possession of the Hethites, which had a monopoly in manufacturing iron goods from around 1600 B.C. But each “battery” needed a central iron rod as main electrode. So it’s simply impossible that a metal first used in 1600 b.C. played a major role in lighting pyramids built more than 1000 years before! Each battery contained about 150 grams of iron, so for the whole 400 big graves about
17,400 tons of this metal more precious than gold was needed.

From these numbers it can easily be derived that the operation of electrical lamps with the so-called Baghdad batteries was simply impossible. But no other antique energy sources are known, so that any lamp faces the problem of a missing power source.

In the television broadcast “Aliens – do they return?” by Erich von Daeniken, already addressed by me in the pyramid section, he tried to make a connection between Baghdad batteries and light in his typical way. He tried to suggest that a gas-discharge lamp could be powered with such a battery. So he connects a digital multi meter to the battery – a loud buzzing noise suggests a high voltage. Then we can read a not defined voltage of “0293″ on the meter; afterwards he presents a “reconstruction” of a Dendera-type gas discharge lamp also connected with a meter, and gives the impression that both voltages are of the same amount!

Other energy sources?

“If the Egyptians already knew batteries, then different generators will probably have been known” is a merry, but absurd or missing way of proving a theory.

When Volta experimented with its (by the way 10000 times more efficient) batteries, he lived in the age of the research and progress. Each detail, each improvement was published and hundreds of scientists around the whole globe were busy with the study of nature and exchanged their results in innumerable publications. Nevertheless it lasted nearly 200 years until the induction was discovered, and out of this in the end the generator was developed. This needed an unbelievable number of small steps, and each of these can be reconstructed from uncounted publications.

From the Parthic, Babylonic or Egyptian region however no evidence for a systematic study of physics or chemistry, which is a mandatory prerequisite for the development of such technique is known. But without this knowledge no genius amateur handicraftsman can “by coincidence” invent something like a generator. This conclusion is therefore just as soundly as the reason chain “They had wheels, therefore they knew a combustion engine”.

As long as no find for the development of such a technology is made, we must exclude it. Even when Krassa/Habeck declare the Djed pillar surprisingly, after defining it in the first half of their book as “electrical insulator”, as a generator, which produces electricity with “hot air and dust”…

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